In ACI code section, for tension-controlled section concrete strength reduction factor Φ (phi) is mentioned as 0.9.

Members with flexure without axial force are called tension-controlled section.

Practically most of the beams are tension-controlled. Therefore, Φ (phi) for beam should be considered as 0.9.



Please note that the information in is designed to provide general information on the topics presented. The information provided should not be used as a substitute for professional services.


Followings are our other sites for you: